Friday, July 22, 2016

Kallesvara Temple, Bagali

It would be hard to explain and understand that how village which remained a centre of attraction almost for about six centuries lost its glory and went into oblivion. Bagali narrates its story in about 45 odd inscriptions spanning across 6 centuries and 4 great dynasties though at present it has been reduced to a small village.
The earliest inscription found here is of the early 9th A.D. pertaing to the times of Rashtrakutas. Later inscriptions are of Chalukyas of Kalyana, Hoysalas and Vijayanagara rulers. Bagali is referred as Balgali during the medieval period was an important Aghrahara right from the times of the Western Chalukyas of Kalyana who were succeeded by the Hoysalas and Vijayanagara.
The Kallesvara Temple was constructed during the region of the Western Chalukyan King Ahavamala in 987A.D. and constructed by Duggimayya. As per the Inscription the main deity is known as Kalideva. The east facing temple is constructed close to the embankment of a huge tank of the village Balagi to its north.
Beautiful Sculpture depicting Hiranyakasupu being killed by Narasimha Swamy
The shrine Surya facing the Shiva were built dedicated to sun god. The face of Surya is most artistic and is commentary on the success of the skill of the sculptor who carved it. The serene expression of the face is remarkable.
The total effect is one of majesty, grace and dignity and expression his compassion towards the fellow beings and hence is considered as the best in this type much of the drapery on the bust of the image ornamentation comprising jewelry around his neck and chest.
The temple on plan consists of a Garbhagriha, an Antarala, A Mahamandapa with an entrance to the south and east, A huge open Sabhamandapa, A shrine for Surya with an astylar Mukhamandapa built slightly away from the main entrance, all of which are in east west orientation, A shrine of Narasimha with a separate Antarala and passage is added to the north of the Sabhamandapa of the main temple.
The Sabhamandapa is well known for its fifty four ornate pillars supporting the highly decorated ceiling of these twenty four pillars are located over the Jagati provided with Kakshasana.
The temple is also known for its intricately carved doorways with multiple door Jambs. The estern end of the Sabhamandapa accommodates an ornate well executed couchant Bull (Nandi).
There are eight sub-shrines built around the main temple excellent sculptures of late Chalukyan style are kept in the Mahamandapa of the temple and they includes Shiva, Umamahshvara, Ganesh, Kartikeya, Surya, Anantashayana, Saraswathi and Mahishamardini.
Erotic sculptures are rarely seen in Kalyani Chalukyan temples, the Balligavi temple being the excepton here erotic sculpture is limited to a narrow bans of friezes that run around the exterior of the temple or on panels in the Sikhara.
There are some erotic sculptures which are a testament to the open mindedness of our ancient people and give some insight to the sexual practices a thousand years ago. The images found here depict weird practices, which probably would remain an enigma to everyone. Many panels depict extra marital sex and adultery.
Thus the sculptors have successfully recorded intimate personal lives of the people of that era for the benefit of posterity. Different panels could be very profitably studied in order to trace initiation to logical conclusion of erotic activities. There are several panels which indicate that very intimate moments are prerequisite to kindle sexual desires.
 Art historian Adam Hardy classifies the architectural style of the temple as "Late Rashtrakuta Vimana with erotic carvings, and a closed Mantapa, fronted by a Later Chalukya non-mainstream open Mantapa, the building material for which is soapstone".
The existing tower over the shrine may be a later day re-construction. The temple, whose premises have yielded 36 old Kannada inscriptions, there are as many as thirty six inscriptions in the temple assignable to the 10th -11th century A.D. which record donations to the Gods Kalideva and Narasimha.

Sunday, July 17, 2016

Huvinahadagali, The village of flower boat

Huvina hadagali has a group of temples each with separate deity and are referred to as Kallesvara, Channakeshava, Benne Krishna, Yoganarayana. All these temples are nestled 100 meters surroundings. From the inscription it becomes clear that Huvinahadagali was a great Shaiva & Vishnava center and was under Rebbaladevi wife of the brave Brahman general Ravideva period of Kalyana Chalukya.
Huvu means flower; Hadaga means boat and Halli means village. Therefore it is a village of flower boat. It is believed that when the city of Vijayanagara flourished flowers needed for temples and palace were floated down from Tungabadhra from this place. As if to confirm this even today it can be seen number of old wells and gardens in this place.
The Kallesvara temple in the town of Huvinahadagali, is a Kalyana Chalukyas temple as evidenced by an inscription of Kalideva has been dated to 11th century A.D. The Kallesvara temple consists of a Garbhagriha, an Antarala, Mandapa and two Mukhamandapas at the east and south. The extant portion of the Adhishthana has the mouldings of Upana and Adhopadma.
 In elevation the indented walls have double pilastered turrets flanked by tall slender pilasters reaching up to the eves. At the Adhishthana level architectural members decorated with dentils support projecting eaves. In the region at Mukhamandapa S shaped massive eaves are provided. The Garbhagriha walls have niches projecting prominently with sloping eaves and turret above. The front sides of the niches have flying Gandharvas supporting bracket figures.
The Garbhagriha houses a small Siva linga on a pitha. Locals said it is Saligrama Shivalinga which is most sacred and powerful stone. The Garbhagriha doorways are elaborately carved with five Sakhas. At the base of each Sakha are beautiful female figures with Dvarapalas. On the lintel is a band of hanging festoons and the Lalata has a figure of Gajalakshmi. The Antarala doorway is simple with Purnakumbha based pilaster.
 The square Navaranga has four Chalukyan pillars of great beauty with a moulded base. The figures on the lower block of the pillars include Madhava, Padmanabha, Hrishikesa, Kesava, Manmatha, sculpture of Ganesha are excellent examples of Chalukyan art. Channakeshava temple is situated next to the Kalleshara temple this temple consists of two Garbhagrihas, Antarala, Naaranga and two Mandapas.
 The other temple Murudevara Temple is very close to the Kallesvara temple, here 3 temples are enclosed within an open Mukhamandapa measuring 80*40 ft. There are 3 Garbhagrihas inside the Mandapa, at the extreme east beautiful Shrine of Yoganarayana, at center Shiva and west Bala Kriahna (Benne Krishna). Yoganarayana and Benne Krishna shrines are fully decorated with different types of detailed ornaments best examples of plastic art shows superb Chalukyan workmanship.

Monday, July 4, 2016

Ajjigundi waterfall, Yellapur

Few things in the natural world are as aweinspiring as the sight of water pouring off the side of a high stone ledge and clamouring into a rocky pool beneath. Ajjigundi is placed perfectly to soothe the visitor’s body and mind with natural sceneries and fragrance.
 Ajjigundi waterfall is located 13 km away from Yallapur nestled between Areca plantation and forested area where the sun hardly reaches. The sun had awakened and was barely peeking through the hazy sky with a warm golden light. The crisp morning air echoed with our voices enjoying the country side we sung all along the track. The trail is short with a little bit of a descending to the waterfall.
The path to the Ajjigundi Waterfall is not too long, while climbing down towards the stream we heard the roar of the waterfall from a distance and finally we reached. The boulders and the branches of trees seem to frame the falls like a picture postcard. Cameras went on clicking there was no need of composing a scene for taking pictures. Just point the camera to any direction you feel and click it will be good picture.
The whitish gushing water cascading from the rock faces makes this waterfall highly attractive. The water was ice cold and some of the team member took dip on it. The clear waters of the sacred Waterfall the blue sky and surrounding densely forested hills made dream come true.